CHANGE OF COMMAND

August 19 in history:

Many countries have experienced dramatic changes in leadership on August 19th …

Bill Hill and TipperThis date is considered Independence Day in Afghanistan, marking the day in 1919 when the country broke away from the United Kingdom.

On August 19th, 1945, Ho Chi Minh took power in Vietnam.

This was the date in 1953 when Iran’s elected prime minister, Mohammad Mossadegh, was overthrown in a coup arranged by the CIA. Mossadegh was placed under house arrest, as Shah Reza Pahlavi replaced him as leader of Iran.

Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev was under house arrest on August 19th, 1991, as hard-line members of the Communist government tried to remove him from power. The coup attempt failed after a few days, and the USSR was disbanded that December.

August 19th is the birthday of one U.S. president, Bill Clinton (1946), and of Tipper Gore (1948), the wife of Clinton’s Vice President, Al Gore.

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