CIVIL WAR, CIVIL RIGHTS

April 9th in history:

The Civil War ended on this date in 1865, when Confederate commander Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox, Virginia.

Seventy-four years after the end of the war, on April 9th, 1939, African-American opera singer Marian Anderson performed an Easter Sunday concert at the Lincoln Memorial. Anderson had been banned from performing at the DAR Constitution Hall and a public high school because of her race.

Singer, actor, and civil rights activist Paul Robeson was born April 9th, 1898. Robeson is also a member of the College Football Hall of Fame. He was born on the same day and year as Pro Football Hall of Famer “Curly” Lambeau, the first coach of the Green Bay Packers.

Curly Lambeau’s name lives on in Green Bay, where the Packers stadium is called Lambeau Field. Another famous stadium opened in Houston, Texas, on this day in 1965…the Harris County Domed Stadium, later renamed the Astrodome. The dome hosted NFL games until 1996, and was the home field for the baseball Astros through 1999.

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YOU DON’T MESS AROUND WITH BILLIE JEAN

September 20 in history:

Explorer Ferdinand Magellan left Spain on September 20th, 1519, on a voyage to reach the Spice Islands by sailing west to reach the Pacific Ocean.  Magellan’s ships were the first ones to reach the Pacific from the Atlantic, and eventually, one ship, the Victoria, became the first to travel around the world to return to Spain.

Lewis and Clark were headed back from the Pacific Ocean toward the Mississippi when they reached a white settlement in Missouri on this date in 1806.  It took them another three days to reach St. Louis, ending the exploration of the Louisiana Territory which lasted more than two years.

The famous “Battle of the Sexes” tennis match between Bobby Riggs and Billie Jean King took place on September 20th, 1973 at the Houston Astrodome, before a crowd of 30,000 and a worldwide TV audience. King was the defending women’s champion at Wimbledon. Riggs won the men’s title at Wimbledon 34 years earlier.  The female pro defeated the older male pro in three straight sets.

On the same night that Billie Jean and Bobby dueled in Texas, singer Jim Croce and five other people died in the crash of a small plane headed for Texas.  Croce had just performed that night at a college in Natchitoches, Louisiana, and the plane crashed shortly after take-off from that city’s airport.  Croce’s song “Bad, Bad Leroy Brown” was a number-one hit that summer, and his follow-up, “I Got a Name,” was released the day after he died.

Pop singer Ricky Nelson died in a Texas plane crash in 1985.  His twin sons, Gunnar and Matthew Nelson, formed the rock band Nelson.  They were born on September 20th, 1967.  This is also the birthday of another set of rock-and-roll twins, Chuck and John Panozzo of Styx, born in 1948.